Creativity and Thinking
The word “creative” is derived from the Latin word “creare” means “to make” or Greek word “Krainein” means, ” to fulfill”.
Creativity may be defined as the innovative, novel responses and ideas into a harmonious whole/form.
Creativity can be flourished by two means;
- Hard work.
Stages in Creative Thinking:
Creativity mainly involves these steps;
- Preparation: It includes assembling or combining the material and think thoroughly about it.
- Incubation: After thinking intensely about the certain problem, the person lets his mind free by putting the problem aside and let its solution incubate in the mind.
- Illumination: It also refers to as “insight” when innovative ideas are instantly generated a sudden flash comes to mind when one is brainstorming at it. Scientific innovations are one of the examples.
- Verification: Evaluation of the problem to find out whether the solution is correct or not.
- Revision: This involves all or some of the above steps be used in order to reach a solution.
Factors Associated With Creativity
The main factors that may contribute in enhancing creativity are
- Divergent thinking (Lateral )
- Convergent thinking (Vertical/Linear)
Creative thinking is going beyond:
- The obvious
- The defined
- The laid out
- The conventional
- The common
- The usual
Creative thinking is: The ability to generate a variety of unusual solutions to a problem
Creative thinking is:
- May be stray and wild at times
Lateral versus Vertical (linear) Thinking
- Finds new ways of looking at things
- Avoids looking for what is “right” or” wrong”.
- Analyzes ideas to generate new ideas
- Considers the irrelevant
- Progresses by avoiding the obvious
Lateral Thinking – A deliberate process and set of techniques for generating new ideas by changing an individual’s or team’s way of perceiving and interpreting information
Vertical thinking (or Linear Thinking)
- Tries to find absolutes
- Seeks continuity
- Finds what is right: seeks “yes” or “no” justifications
- Looks for stability: rejects irrelevant information.
- Uses established patterns & considers the obvious.
Vertical/Linear thinking – a logical step-by-step process of developing ideas by proceeding continuously from one bit of information to the next.